Trackball

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CST 2545W optical trackball alongside a mouse

A trackball, sometimes trackerball, is a computer pointing device similar to a mouse where the ball is placed on the top and manipulated manually. When mice switched to solid state optical sensors, trackballs did the same, but the ball remained present and the optical sensor observes the ball's surface instead.

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Configurations

External

External trackballs are desktop input devices that sit beside the keyboard. These are still widely available today.

Internal

Laptop computers

Trackballs were widely used in integrated fashion. Apple's first laptop range, the PowerBook 100 series, were notable for having an integrated trackball in front of the keyboard. In comparison, Toshiba laptops required a separately-carried trackball that attached to the side of the machine. Trackballs provide far superior cursor manipulation compared to a trackpad, but the combination of moving parts and bulk led them to fall out of favour compared to trackpads, similar to how laptops universally use scissor switch keyboards to keep the size and weight down.

Keyboards

The IBM Trackball Keyboard series was among several companies' product ranges that contained a trackball integrated into a standalone keyboard. Cherry have also produced G84-series keyboards with integrated trackballs.

Mobile phones

Some BlackBerry models use miniature trackballs.

Gallery

Opto-mechanical trackball

See also

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