Datanetics DC-50 series

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Datanetics DC-50 series
Manufacturer Datanetics
Introduced 1973
Switch type Tactile
Tactile force 3.0 oz (84 gf)
Peak force ca. 3.8 oz (110 gf)
Pretravel 0.110±0.015″ (2.79±0.38 mm)
Switch mount Fixing screw
Patents US3777090 (1972)

Datanetics DC-50 series was the first discrete switch module from Datanetics, initiated in 1972 and fully introduced by 1973. The lower profile DC-60 series followed the same year. DC-50 series was still on sale in 1981 side-by-side with DC-60. According to Apple technical documentation from September 1985, "Datanetics keyboards and keyswitches are no longer supported and replacement parts can no longer be ordered"; DC-60 appeared to still be in available in 1990 (used by Fluke in the Y1700 Keyboard), but it appears that DC-50 went end of life by 1985.[1]

Design

The switch is subtly tactile; the force curve is linear, with a small increase in force of approximately 10 gf directly before actuation, followed by a drop of 0.2 oz (6 gf). The total depth of the tactile curve is around 0.5 mm of travel.

The two defining features of the design are a sealed Mylar-metal sandwich contact assembly, and hysteresis. The hysteresis overlap is 0.040″, or 1.02 mm, which is around twice the length of the tactile curve. The switch contacts are formed as a sealed unit to protect them from contaminants and damage; as Datanetics licensed their diaphragm technology to Futaba, this may account for the Futaba complicated linear switch which is also noted for a sealed contact unit.

The switch shell accepts two contact assembly units, allowing for a DPST arrangement. Support for a latching mechanism was achieved by welding a latching track unit onto the outside of the switch, with a wire connected to the keycap; the switch is otherwise unchanged.

The slider has a large cruciform cross-section, atop which sits a heptagonal or octagonal platform bearing a much smaller cross. The slider is white. The shell is typically black; switches with dark green shells exist[2] but none have been seen in a finished product. The key stem can be either straight or slanted to 12°.

The switch modules are fairly tall, with the shell standing at a fraction under 17 mm high; by comparison, Alps SKCL/SKCM and Cherry MX switches are around 11 mm tall. There are no plate mounting clips; instead, the switches are instead secured using BT self-tapping screws (maximum size #2), for which two screw holes are provided.

Contact assembly

The contact assembly in DC-50 is a sealed metal–plastic sandwich. The contact assembly is based on Datanetics elastic diaphragm array, but is not a true membrane system as the contacts are strips of metal instead of traces printed onto plastic. The contacts are nonetheless the thickness of membrane sheets. The layers of the assembly are as follows:

  1. Stainless steel backing plate, 0.09 mm thick, with a transparent blue coating applied
  2. Cadmium copper alloy stationary switch contact, a strip of metal 1.37 mm wide and 0.06 mm thick; the ends are stamped with a curved cross section and tinned to form the switch terminals
  3. Mylar spacer membrane, 0.13 mm thick
  4. Movable switch contact, identical to the stationary contact but facing the opposite direction
  5. Mylar protective cover, 0.07 mm thick
Datanetics DC-50 contact assembly.svg

Operation

A plastic actuator is placed in front of the contact assembly, containing a prong that applies pressure to the front metal strip in a manner similar to a membrane keyboard or an Alps switchplate. The slider does not engage directly on this actuator. Between the slider and the actuator is a leaf spring, 0.1 mm thick, folded such that the centre presses against the actuator and the ends press against the slider. Hooks in the slider push this leaf spring downwards during the down stroke, and upwards during the return stroke. The hooks are spaced further apart than the length of the spring, which causes a delay in engagement in each direction. When the slider is pressed down, it travels 1 mm before engaging the leaf spring. When the leaf spring's centre point reaches the tip of the actuator prong, it pushes the prong outwards and closes the contacts. When the slider is released, the lower hook doesn't engage the leaf spring from below until 1 mm of upwards motion has occurred, providing the hysteresis.

Datanetics DC-50 operation.svg

Despite this feature, it is still possible to tease the switch. The cause is not known, but it may be that the pressure from the actuator prong is sufficient to push the leaf spring upwards. This switch is unusual and potentially unique in being a metal contact switch that provides hysteresis without any sound being generated.

A very small lip on the actuator, just above the free end of the prong, appears to be the source of the tactility.

Variants

Known part numbers include:

Part no. Contacts Action Features Source
DC-51-01 SPST Momentary DC-60 brochure (1974)
DC-51-03 SPST Latching DC-60 brochure (1974)
DC-51-04 DPST Momentary DC-60 brochure (1974)
DC-51-11 SPST Alternate Higher force Meryl Miller[3]
DC-51-41 SPST Momentary Illuminated DC-60 brochure (1974)
DC-51-43 SPST Latching Illuminated DC-60 brochure (1974)
DC-51-44 DPST Momentary Illuminated DC-60 brochure (1974)

All parts defined above have a 0° stem; 12° angled key stem was cited in the 1974 DC-50 brochure as an option, as was a high force return spring.

Keyboards

Other equipment

  • Fisher Differential Counter Model 111 (straight keystem)[7]

Gallery

DC-51-01

This is the rare green version of the switch. Normally the shell is black.

Specifications

References

  1. Internet Archive — Apple II Technical Procedures: Appendix A Keyboard and Keyswitch Replacement (September 1985)
  2. Imgur — Ripster's Vintage Switch Guide: Datanetics
  3. Correspondence with Meryl Miller, former Datanetics employee
  4. (Blogspot) The Apple 1 Computer 1976 — Datanetics Keyboard Assembly Complete Retrieved 2015-07-25.
  5. Mike's Hobby Home Page — Datanetics Keyboard Retrieved 2015-07-25.
  6. Mike's Hobby Home Page — Apple II Retrieved 2015-07-25.
  7. Danny Nguyen — Modding MX Stems onto Vintage Datanetics Keycaps