Microsoft Windows

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Microsoft Windows refers to several families of operating system produced by Microsoft Corporation.

All recent versions of Windows derive from Windows NT, introduced in 1993, and share NT's numbering system (Vista is essentially NT 6.0, Windows 7 is 6.1, and Windows 8 is 6.2). The other families (Windows 1/2/3 and Windows 95/98/Millennium) are discontinued.

Keyboards

With Windows 95, Microsoft mandated that keyboards for Windows should have two additional keys to the computer keyboard:

Changing keyboard layout

The main layout is selected in the Control Panel.

AutoHotkey

One of the most popular methods for modifying keyboard and mouse behaviour is the third-party, open source application AutoHotkey. Although it provides a huge range of functionality, its main purpose is in rebinding keys and providing key macros.

Ctrl2Cap v2.0

A small driver to swap caps lock and control at the kernel level.

URL: technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb897578.aspx

Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator (MSKLC)

This is the same tool that Microsoft uses to create your country-specific input language in Windows. Guaranteed to work hitch-free, except in a select few video games that read your keypress scancodes directly.

Registry-editing

There is a guide to this on http://www.autohotkey.com/docs/misc/Remap.htm#registry

A registry edit works by convincing Windows that, for example, Scancode 038 is actually 072. It is a strategy free of flaws but not easy to undo should you want to switch seamlessly to another layout. Corporate and public machines generally do not let you edit their registry.