Mitsumi hybrid switch

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Mitsumi hybrid switch
Manufacturer Mitsumi
Switch type Tactile; linear
Keycap mount Various

Mitsumi hybrid is a loose term that covers a number of related switch designs.


"Hybrid" switches all use a central shaft that is supported by an external return spring or buckling rubber sleeve under the keycap. At the bottom of this shaft is some device which closes the electric circuit; this can either be conductive, or supply pressure. The device that closes the circuit provides a small amount of overtravel by allowing the conductive or pressure element to flex upwards.

The keycap mount varies between designs. The conductive rubber disc version has been found with the cylindrical Japanese mount. The pressure pad version has been found with a cruciform mount of unconfirmed dimensions. The conductive foot version is found with the hollow square "Mitsumi mount".


The total number of variants manufactured is not known. Listed below are the variants discovered to date.

Conductive rubber disc

Found in the Commodore 8032-SK and related machines, this has a small conductive rubber disc at the bottom of the slider. This has been found in an effectively linear form with a helical spring, and the circuit pathways are on a PCB. The following images are from an 8032-SK:

Wide foot

These versions use a tall keystem with a laterally suspended pad. The pressure type (KSD Type) such as that found in the Atari 800 (pictured below) appears to use a pair of membranes over a PCB. These are pressure actuated using small rubber pads, attached to a rubber arc that flexes to provide the overtravel. KSR type covers the version with conductive pads over a plain PCB.

Conductive foot over membrane

This version provides a wide conductive rubber foot, attached to a similar rubber arc as in the pressure version. KPQ Type covers tactile switches and KPR Type covers linear switches; both types use a single membrane layer for the keyboard matrix.

Conductive foot over PCB

KKQ and KKR types are externally visibly identical to KPQ and KPR types, but internally they use a PCB instead of a membrane sheet for the keyboard matrix.


Keyboards listed below cover switch types that do not yet have their own page, or where the switch type is unable to be determined from existing data.