- See also Keyboard layouts on Wikipedia.
List of country-specific standards grouped according to basic characteristics and ordered by country-code.
All keyboards have Alt Gr unless specified otherwise.
- 1 Background
- 2 ISO QWERTY
- 3 ISO QWERTZ
- 4 ISO AZERTY
- 5 ANSI QWERTY
- 6 ANSI QWERTY (without Alt Gr)
- 7 External links
- 8 References
On the ISO keyboards, the Enter key is vertical (sometimes termed an “ISO Enter”) and the left and right Shift keys are an equal distance from the traditional home position.
On the ANSI keyboards, the Enter key is horizontal and the Left Shift is wider, placing it much closer to the centre than the Right Shift. Traditionally, American-based layouts also lack an Alt Gr, and instead have a simple Right Alt which performs the same function as the Left Alt.
On Japanese keyboards, the ISO-style Enter and Left Shift are normally accepted, and the Backspace and Right Shift are both shortened by one key. In addition to this the space bar is shorter to accommodate more keys on its row.
The ABNT2 keyboard has two variants: one with ISO key count, and with one additional key. The extra key is left of the right Shift, which is shortened to make room.
In keyboards without this extra key, / and ? are reached through AltGr-Q and AltGr-W. A number of other characters used in Portuguese language is made available via AltGr combinations, as well. Position of ç and dead accent keys are very similar to the Portuguese layout.
The special characters in numeric row follow the ANSI sequence, the exception being 6, a (dead key) umlaut replacing the circumflex. This is a major difference from the Portuguese layout.
Many fullsize Brazilian keyboards also bisect the plus-key on the numeric-pad, replacing its bottom-half with a “thousands separator” key.
- KB Canadian French text.svg
Canadian French layout
- KB Canadian Multilingual Standard comment-en.svg
Canadian Multilingual layout
The ISO, QWERTY Canadian French and Canadian Multilingual layouts are prevalent in primarily French-speaking regions, US ANSI keyboards are commonplace as well. Of note, the Canadian Multilingual layout is most commonly seen on Apple devices, though other OEMs (e.g. Dell) have sold keyboards in this configuration.
- KB Danish.svg
- KB Estonian.svg
Very much like SE, but replaces Å and ¨ with Ü and Õ respectively.
ES (Spain and Hispanic America)
- KB Spanish.svg
- KB Latin American.svg
Latin American Spanish layout
There are two main layouts used in Spanish: "Spanish (Spain)", used in Spain, and "Spanish (Latin America)", common in Latin American countries (although the former layout sees some degree of usage as well).
Both have an Ñ key immediately to the right of the L key and shuffle around typographic symbols with respect to the base US layout. The easiest way of distinguishing between layouts is to look two keys to the right of the Ñ key: the "Spanish (Spain)" layout has a Ç, while the "Spanish (Latin America)" one sports a closing curly bracket (}).
Same as SE.
FO (Færœ Islands)
- KB Faroese.svg
- KB Iceland.svg
- KB Norway.svg
- KB NorwaySami.svg
Norwegian with Sámi layout
- KB Sweden.svg
Also used in Finland.
- KB Finnish Multilingual.svg
Finnish multilingual layout
A project by the Finnish IT Center for Science, it builds on the Swedish-Finnish layout and adds a wide array of foreign characters for communication with other Nordic and European languages. Typographical marks like em-dash and non-breaking space are also added.
- See also: Finnish Multilingual layout on Wikipedia
Sometimes labelled "NR"; a layout where four or five keys contains a combination of the key legends for SE/FI, NO and DK: the other keys are identical in the three layouts.
How the different legends are laid out differs greatly from manufacturer to manufacturer. The Swedish/Finnish legend is often in the primary position, it having the most users. The keys that differ have mostly the same symbols only with different modifiers, and where some manufacturers lay out each included layout in its own column, other manufacturers don't even bother differentiating.
Sometimes but rarely, the legends are in a different colour for each included layout.
UK (United Kingdom)
- KB United Kingdom.svg
United Kingdom and Ireland (except Mac) layout
- KB United Kingdom Mac - Apple Keyboard (MC184B).svg
United Kingdom version of Apple keyboard
The UK PC and Macintosh layouts are different. In particular, The UK PC layout swaps " and @ relative to the US layout, while the UK Macintosh layout does not. \ is placed next to return and above right shift on a UK Macintosh keyboard, while on a UK PC keyboard it is placed next to left shift. On both Mac and PC layouts, £ is placed above 3; the PC layout moves # next to the enter key (where Macs position \), while the Macintosh keyboard omits # entirely, requiring option+3 to enter it. As the option layer is not printed on Apple keyboards, it appears to the user that # cannot be typed. The Matias Tactile Pro series of keyboards for Mac do depict the option and shift+option layers on the keycaps.
On the modern PC layout, Alt Gr is used sparingly. The key to the left of 1 has three legends: ` (unshifted), ¬ (shifted) and ¦ (with Alt Gr), and Alt Gr+4 gives €. Alt Gr also adds an acute accent to the five vowels, for loanwords and for the Irish fada. Grave accents used in Scottish Gaelic cannot be entered. Welsh has its own keyboard layout.
German "T2" layout; characters shown in black are also present in the traditional "T1" layout
- KB Swiss.svg
Same as the Austrian layout.
The Neo layout is scientifically optimised for typing German as well as English, and is also said to work well for programmers. See www.neo-layout.org for more info.
- KB Hungary.svg
- KB Hungary2.svg
Alternative Hungarian layout
There are two popular alternatives, one with the "ű" key to the left of the Enter key, and another with that key to the left of Backspace.
Notice also the unusual position of the "0" to the left of "1".
Belgians use both AZERTY and QWERTY in their country.
- KB France.svg
Dutchmen use the US-International layout.
Turks use an QWERTY-modified layout called "Q-keyboard" and a less-common, scientifically optimised layout called "F-keyboard".
The Turkish F-layout is optimised for the Turkish language. Thanks to this layout's existence, "Turkey has broken 14 world records in typewriting championships between 1957 and 1995."
ANSI QWERTY (without Alt Gr)
US (United States)
- KB United States-NoAltGr.svg
United States layout
- KB US-International.svg
US-International layout (Windows)
- Matador - The ultimate guide to computer keyboards around the world highlights all the tiny differences between regional layouts with pictures.