SMK J-M0404 series

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Template icon--Illustration.png This article requires additional photographic illustration — need low-friction variant, and tall stem vs long stem
SMK J-M0404 series
SMK J-M0404 selection.jpg
Manufacturer SMK
Switch type Linear
Sense method Metal leaf
Rated lifetime 100M
Pretravel 1.5±0.7 mm
Total travel 3.0±0.4 mm
Switch mount Plate mount

SMK J-M0404 series, formerly known as SMK vintage linear is a series of plate mount, cross mount switches from SMK.

Description

The base is branded "SMK", typically with the old SMK logo; there is no top branding. The switch was still in use in 1989, based on the PCB date of an Apple M0110A (Macintosh Plus) keyboard;[1] in this example, the newer SMK logo is present.

The contact system is fairly simple. A metal "crossbar" is held in place by a groove in the upper shell, and a vertical leaf spring rests against it. When the slider is inserted, a ramp at the bottom holds the leaf spring away from the crossbar. As the slider is depressed, the leaf spring moves back against the crossbar and closes the circuit. The contacts are gold-plated. The contact system is essentially the same as that used by Omron B3G series.

"Operation Force" is cited as both "90 grams ± 20%" and "90 ± 30 g" in the same brochure, even though 20% of 90 is 18.

The series covers both momentary and alternate action switches. All switches found to date are SPST. There is technically no reason why the design should not support DPST, although the shell is specifically designed to hold only one pair of contacts. Straight stem sliders are however symmetrical and could operate two pairs of contacts simultaneously.

Variants

Low friction

The low-friction variants use a blue-white viscous substance painted onto either side of the slider. These switches use brown sliders, and are intended for wider keys. The objective of the lubricant appears to be to reduce binding when hitting wider keys off-centre.

The "low friction" designation comes from Apple service documentation.[2]

Low force

Low force switches use weaker springs. These switches are indicated by a cream or beige base. One use of these is for the return key in some Acorn BBC Microcomputer keyboards, where instead of a single switch and a stabiliser, a pair of low force switches were used. Currently no photographs are known to exist of the various SMK switch arrangements in the BBC Micro, which differed between batches.

The angled keystem low force switch has been found with both beige and ivory bases. The beige base version examined has a 16.5 mm long spring with a wire gauge somewhere between 0.18–0.20 mm. The ivory base version has a shorter, 15.6 mm long spring and 0.19 mm gauge wire. There is no readily discernible difference between the two switches and it is unclear whether the use of two separate colours is significant or whether SMK were not fussy about the shade.

Dummy switches

Both sprung and unsprung dummy switches were used.

Keystem

The keystem can be either short or tall. Short keystems can be upright (straight) or angled. Tall keystems are rare and so far only known from Apple keyboards; tall angled keystems have yet to be seen. Possibly to allow the slider to be inserted into the shell, the "inner" vane of angled keystems is tapered away at the top.

Known variants

The table below shows all discovered variants. There are far more possible combinations than have been discovered. For example, tall stem angled has never been seen, and the tall stem switches have not been found in the same number of varieties as short stem switches.

Part Description
SMK J-M0404 standard -- variants table.jpg Short stem, upright
SMK J-M0404 tall -- variants table.jpg Tall stem, upright
SMK J-M0404 low friction -- variants table.jpg Short stem, low friction
No photograph.svg Tall stem, low friction
SMK J-M0404 angled -- variants table.jpg Short stem, angled
SMK J-M0404 low friction angled -- variants table.jpg Short stem, low-friction, angled
SMK J-M0404 low friction light angled -- variants table.jpg Short stem, low-friction, angled, low force
SMK J-M0404 low friction light angled pale -- variants table.jpg Short stem, low-friction, low force, angled, pale version
SMK J-M0404 low friction light angled dummy -- variants table.jpg Short stem, low-friction, low force, angled dummy
SMK J-M0404 low friction dummy springless -- variants table.jpg Short stem, low-friction springless dummy
No photograph.svg Tall stem, upright, latching
SMK J-M0404 alternate -- variants table.jpg Short stem, upright, latching
SMK J-M0404 stemless -- variants table.jpg Stemless

SMK-branded parts in this series appear on a number of websites, typically with bogus stock figures (as high as 65,000 per part), but attempts to determine any correspondence with known switches has proved futile. The following parts are confirmed (with corrections for transcription errors such as "(SHARP)" or "≠" for "#"):

Part no. Description Source
J-M0404#01 SWITCH Abtronics
J-M0404#04 Switches Jotrin
J-M0404#05 PCB Single Keys[witch] ISO Parts
J-M0404#08 KEY SW MECH BTT Abtronics
J-M0404#10 PCB Dummy Keysw[itch] ISO Parts

No Abtronics branches in any country ever respond to enquiries, and they have a high minimum order value; ISO Parts and Jotrin list bogus stock of nonexistent parts. Obtaining these parts may not be possible. Only J-M0404#10 may be identifiable, as it likely refers to the dummy switch sometimes found under space bars (e.g. some Type 2 Acorn BBC Microcomputer keyboards, and the SMK J-M 9031 keyboard).

Abtronics also lists J-M0409#01 with description "REF.042R" and no manufacturer; it is conceivable that the angled stem or tall stem versions were covered under a related series, but J-M0409 series may not exist. Retroamplis sell part JM-0404, intended for Boss pedals, which is a standard short straight stem switch. This apparently incorrect part number is derived from Boss, as noted in the Boss PS-2 Schematic (under "SWITCHES", as JM-0404 "Key Switch").

Derivatives

Switches similar to or identical to the design of the SMK vintage linear have been found from numerous brands, recognisable and unrecognisable. In some cases, these switches may have been made under licence, and it remains possible (albeit unlikely) that the switch was not originally designed by SMK. While SMK do have a patent for the SMK second generation series, no patents for the vintage linear switches from any companies have been found.

Some of the derivatives do appear to be clones.

Keyboards

Confirmed

The following are confirmed to have SMK branding on the PCB or switches:

  • Some Acorn BBC Microcomputers (short upright and angled stem; low friction; low force; dummy switch)
  • Some Apple M0110A variants (tall upright stem)
  • Kaypro II[3]
  • Kaypro "New" 2[3]
  • Zentec Zephyr terminal (black cross mount)[4]

Unconfirmed

The following have switches that resemble SMK vintage linear, but this is yet to be confirmed:

  • Selcom/Jen Lemon II[5]

Gallery

Tall stem, upright

Specifications

References

  1. KBtalKing — ■鍵盤史的遺跡Apple M0110A (SMK軸)■ (Chinese) Dated 2010-11-18. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  2. Internet Archive — Apple Documentation: DTCA2DOC-223 repair IIe 1989
  3. 3.0 3.1 Deskthority — Vintage find: 2 NOS Maxi-Switch Kaypro replacement keyboards Posted 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  4. Bitsavers — Index of /pdf/zentec/Zentec_Zephyr_00-441-01/pictures
  5. Nightfall Blog — Selcom/Jen Lemon II (page 3) Dated 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2015-08-02.